Flag of Guinea-Bissau
Location map of Guinea-BissauA virtual travel guide to Guinea-Bissau, a tropical nation with a coastline at the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa, situated between Senegal and Guinea. The country consists of a larger continental part and a smaller insular part that includes the Bijagós Archipelagos.
In former times the region of today Guinea-Bissau was part of the Kaabu Empire, a Mandinka kingdom (1537–1867) and a former province of the Mali Empire. The entire country became a Portuguese colony in the 19th century, known as Portuguese Guinea. In September 1973 the country declared independence as Guinea-Bissau.
Guinea-Bissau has a population of about 1.54 million people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Bissau (pop. 390,000). Spoken languages are Portuguese (official), several West African languages, and Guinea-Bissau Creole, the lingua franca of the country.
Republic of Guinea-Bissau | República da Guiné-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau was the only country in West Africa to have fought its way to independence. The war with Portugal ended in 1974, but since the country has been plagued by coups and political unrest.In 1980, a military coup established authoritarian dictator Joao Bernardo ‘Nino’ VIEIRA as president, VIEIRA was a key figure in struggle against Portuguese colonial rule. Despite setting a path to a market economy and multiparty system, VIEIRA’s regime was characterized by the suppression of political opposition and the purging of political rivals. Several coup attempts through the 1980s and early 1990s failed to unseat him. In 1994 VIEIRA was elected president in the country’s first free elections.A military mutiny and resulting civil war in 1998 eventually led to VIEIRA’s ouster in May 1999. In February 2000, a transitional government turned over power to opposition leader Kumba YALA, after he was elected president in transparent polling. In September 2003, after only three years in office, YALA was ousted by the military in a bloodless coup, and businessman Henrique ROSA was sworn in as interim president. In 2005, former President VIEIRA returned from asylum to win presidential election pledging to pursue economic development and national reconciliation. In March 2009 President VIEIRA was killed in an assassination attack. He was replaced by an elected leader (Malam Bacai Sanhá).
Guinea-Bissau is a major transit point for Latin American cocaine headed for Europe and some army officials are known to have become involved in the trade.In April 2012 Guinea-Bissau troops staged a coup attempt, attacking the prime minister’s residence, arresting politicians and taking over the national radio station and the ruling party headquarters. This took place short before the second round of Guinea-Bissau’s presidential election and short after Angola‘s mission to support the military reform in the West African country (MISAANG) has ended.
República da Guiné-Bissau
short form: Guiné-Bissau
int’l long form: Republic of Guinea-Bissau
int’l short form: Guinea-Bissau
formerly: Portuguese Guinea (until 1974)ISO Country Code: gw, GNBTime:
Local Time = UTC (no GMT time offset)
Actual Time: Wed-Dec-11 17:05Country Calling Code: +245
Capital City: Bissau
Other Cities: Bolama (former capital of Portuguese Guinea until 1941) Bafata, Gabu, Canchungo, Farim, Cacheu.
Climate: Tropical; generally hot and humid; rainy season (Jun – Nov)
Natural resources: Fish and timber. Deposits of bauxite and phosphate are not exploited; offshore petroleum.
Agriculture products: Cashews, tropical fruits, rice, peanuts, cotton, palm oil.
Industries: Very little industrial capacity.
Exports – commodities: bauxite, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
Imports – commodities: petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)
Image: Colleen TaugherPolitical system
Guinea-Bissau is a unitary semi-presidential republic, and since 1991 with a multi-party system. Head of state is the president, head of government is the prime minister. But a long-running dispute between factions in the ruling PAIGC party has brought the government to a political impasse; there have been five prime ministers since August 2015. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the unicameral National People’s Assembly. The judicial system is headed by a Supreme Court.
Official Sites of Guinea-Bissau
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Government of Guinea-Bissau
Agência de Notícias da Guiné – ANG
International News Sources
Gazeta de Noticias
Notícias Lusófonas: Guinea-Bissau
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Arts & Culture
Business & Economy
Guinea-Bissau’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is one of the lowest in the world. Its economy is based mainly on agriculture, fish, cashew nuts and ground nuts are the main export products (more than 90%). Latin American-based drug traffickers are using Guinea Bissau and several other West African nations as a trans-shipment point for cocaine into Europe.
Banque Centrale des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (BCEAO)
Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA)
IZF.net, le portail de la Zone Franc CFA
Image: Pis bus
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Guinea-Bissau – Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Guinea-Bissau: Bissau, Lagoas Cufada Natural Park, Bijagos Archipelago Biosphere Reserve, Parc Naturel des Mangroves du Fleuve Cacheu, Saltinho Waterfalls, Bijagós Archipellago (nice group of 80 plus islands, some with resorts).
Guinea-Bissau Travel Information
Images of Guinea-Bissau
Image: ora international
Universidade Amílcar Cabral
Guinea-Bissau still way behind on education
Environment & Nature
World Database of Protected Areas: Guinea-Bissau
Birds and birding in Guinea Bissau
Instituto da Biodiversidade e das Areas Protegidas (IBAP)
History of Guinea-Bissau
Sources and additional Information on Guinea-Bissau